In chapter 12 the book kind of resets itself. This is not a chronological continuation of the things we have been reading. Rather it is retelling the story from a different point of view. This chapter starts with a highly figurative description of the birth of Jesus.
There are 3 parts to chapter 12.
In 1-6 you see a woman giving birth (to the Christ) and Satan trying, but failing to destroy her Child.
in 7-12 you see a war in heaven between Satan and Michael the archangel. Satan loses.
In 13-17 you see defeated Satan back on earth persecuting the woman and her offspring.
As we have said before, try not to get too bogged down in the images. (I honestly have no idea what the dragon throwing a third of the stars of heaven to the earth signifies.) Instead, stand back and look for the general idea.
Having failed to defeat Jesus, Michael, or the woman, what does the dragon occupy himself with now? (17)
In verse 11, by what 3 things does it say the brethren overcame Satan? What could these mean to us?
In interpreting 7-12 keep in mind there was a “battle” between God’s forces and Satan when Jesus died and was raised. Consider: Gen.3:15, Col.2:15, Heb.2:14, 1 John 3:8.