In chapter 17 we read about the judgment of the great Harlot which we suggested refers to Rome. Chapter 18 looks more closely at the aftereffects of her fall. The terms “Babylon” and “the great city” are terms that are used throughout the chapter to describe her. After discussing why she was destroyed and the effect her fall had on the world, the chapter concludes with “And in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who were slain on the earth” (18:24).
Note as you read the chapter, three groups that are impacted by the fall of Babylon: the nations, the kings, and the merchants. My guess is the nations refers to people who had to choose whether to follow God or the beast. The kings refer to the political powers that might have allied with the beast and harlot. The merchants refers to commercial interests that depended on her. They are all impacted severely by her fall.
The sins of the harlot in chapter 17 included blasphemies, fornication, filthiness, and persecution of the saints (2-6). Reading through chapter 18 what do you see emphasized about her character? See especially, 3, 7, 9, 11-20.
One part of this chapter that I am having trouble reconciling with Rome is what it says about the duration of her fall. What do 8, 10 and 17 say about the fall of “Babylon”?